All articles in ‘History’

The British Invasion (Part I)

Remember, Remember, the Fifth of November: Guy Fawkes & The Gunpowder Plot

by Rebecca Glover

Every year we celebrate the attempt by a group of English dissidents to blow up the English parliament over 400 years ago. Every November the letting off of fireworks results in a flood of claims to ACC, sends horses through fences and terrorises cats an…

Captain James Cook (Part VI)

The Legacy of Captain Cook's Pacific Voyages

by Dr Michelle Ann Smith

After his death, James Cook’s memory was revered and his mana grew, while ‘his reputation spread across the Pacific’.[2] However, it was in only those places, such as Hawaii and Tahiti, where ‘Cook had forged a ceremonial friendship with a paramount chie…

NZ's Infamous Founding History (Part II)

Bloodshed in the Bay of Islands

by David Child-Dennis

Last issue, we heard of the terrible conquest of Hongi Hika, a warlord whose bloodlust began by avenging Ngāpuhi. But there have been other killers in New Zealand’s past, who didn’t need war to justify their slaughter. Meet young Maketu, son of a Ngāpuhi…

NZ's Infamous Founding History (Part I)

Hongi Hika: NZ’s Biggest Killer, Man-eater and Marsden’s Mate

by David Child-Dennis

New Zealand has its noble history – the glossy version which is safe for our children to learn about in school, the version of peace, pasture and parchment. But then there’s the other history of New Zealand, a history in which men like Hongi Hika orche…

Captain James Cook (Part V)

Friends and Enemies: The third and final voyage of Captain James Cook, 1776-1779

by Dr Michelle Ann Smith

Captain James Cook part 5 of 5 On his return to England in July 1775, Cook accepted a position with the Royal Hospital at Greenwich, claiming his sailing days were over, probably to the relief of his wife. Before long, the lure of the ocean had Cook agre…

Captain James Cook (Part IV)

Icebergs, cannibals, and ‘other kinds of people’ The second voyage of James Cook, 1772-1775

by Dr Michelle Ann Smith

Captain James Cook part 4 of 6 Still believing a Southern Continent existed, and keen to locate it, Joseph Banks pushed hard for a second Pacific voyage. To his disappointment, the Admiralty called on Cook to lead the expedition, with instructions to fin…

Reliving The Era of The Great Airships

by David Child-Dennis

Most of our readers are too young to remember the great airships that sailed, ever so majestically, across the Atlantic between Europe and the Americas. Those fortunate enough to do so, remember them as a sight never to be forgotten. Probably the best r…

Captain James Cook (Part III)

Terra Australis Incognita: the first Pacific voyage 1768-1771

by Dr Michelle Ann Smith

Captain James Cook part 3 of 6 In May 1768, having secured a naval commission, forty-year old Lieutenant Cook was finally given the command of his own ship. Officially, Cook was sent to the South Pacific to observe the Transit of Venus. An accurate calcu…

Gold Mining in New Zealand

A history of Gold Mining

by Kerry Monaghan

The history of gold stretches as far back as the beginning of civilization. Humans have long since realized the value of gold for both decoration and currency due to its rarity, lustre and ease of exchange, and while it remains a global business with n…

Captain James Cook (Part II)

James Cook's Naval Career 1755-1768

by Dr Michelle Ann Smith

James Cook’s quest to ‘range’ further than any other man began incrementally. Having declined the offer by his employer, John Walker, to take command of one of his ships Cook volunteered for service with the British Royal Navy. Walker was unsurprised at …

Scumbuggery (Part V)

by Julie Halligan

How the Queen’s Justice failed Southern Tribal Chiefs As a terrible storm raged over the North Island coast in December 1769 the ships of Captain Cook and the French explorer Jean-François-Marie de Surville unknowingly passed within a relatively short d…

Captain James Cook (Part I)

Where No Man Has Gone Before

by Dr Michelle Ann Smith

This year, between October and December, a replica of the Endeavour will sail around New Zealand to commemorate a significant event in Aotearoa New Zealand’s history: Captain James Cook’s first visit to New Zealand. While not the first European to visit …

Scumbuggery (Part IV)

Captain John Stewart – Enabler for the ‘Cannibal Statesman’

by Julie Halligan

Captain John Stewart – Enabler for the ‘Cannibal Statesman’ In the early decades of the 18th century New Zealand was enjoying the profitable beginnings of international trade with its nearest neighbour, New South Wales. Captain John Stewart – Enabler…

Kauri Gum Reserves

A History

by Kerry Monaghan

Agathis Australis or Kauri in Maori is one of New Zealand’s oldest and mightiest coniferous trees that can grow upwards of fifty metres and can live around two thousand years. Agathis Australis or Kauri in Maori is one of New Zealand’s oldest and might…

Scumbuggery (Part III)

The Saintly Sinner

by Julie Halligan

The white man who figuratively held the gun for a chief to pull the trigger thus igniting the worst holocaust New Zealand in New Zealand’s history The white man who figuratively held the gun for a chief to pull the trigger thus igniting the worst holoc…

Mayday and Maypoles and Workers Rights

This Month in History

by Julie Halligan

In the Northern Hemisphere the traditional ‘May Day’ celebration is an ancient festival whose origins are shrouded in the mists of time. It is said that the earliest May Day observances began in pre-Christian times out of the Roman empire, a dedication t…

Kiri and Dave’s Big Adventure

And The Flight Of An Albatross

by Julie Halligan

The question hung in the air between us ‘So what drew you to the Chatham Islands in the first place? The two pairs of eyes looking back at me widened, the heads nodded together and two voices in unison replied ‘Fossilised sharks teeth’. Kiri jumped …

Scumbuggery (Part II)

Notorious Pakeha Maoris

by Julie Halligan

Part 2 in a 6 part series looking at the ‘scumbuggering’ that has happened through the years in New Zealand. The Georgian England of the 1800s was a savage regime still attempting to come to grips with the sweeping social changes that had arisen as a di…

Scumbuggery (Part I)

Once Were Whalers…

by Julie Halligan

‘Once Were Whalers…’ is part 1 of a 6 part series looking at the ‘scumbuggery’ that has happened through the years in New Zealand. It was the era that has retrospectively been described as the Age of Discovery, a time when the commercial and imperial int…

In Search of Our Tangata Whenua (Part II)

Parallels In Celtic–Maori Death Myths and The After-Life Underworld

For thousands of years, history, genealogies, stories and mythology had to be memorised by rote and gruelling repetition, then handed down in perfect oral delivery to each ensuing generation. For this mammoth task, children exhibiting the brightest and b…